A few kilograms weight loss nearly halves the risk of diabetes

Losing a few kilograms in weight almost halves people’s risk of developing Type 2 diabetes – according to a large scale research study led by the Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital and the University of East Anglia. A new study published in the international journal JAMA Internal Medicine shows how providing support to help people […]

Potential plumes on Europa could come from water in the crust

This illustration of Jupiter’s icy moon Europa depicts a cryovolcanic eruption in which brine from within the icy shell could blast into space. A new model proposing this process may also shed light on plumes on other icy bodies. Credit: Justice Wainwright Plumes of water vapor that may be venting into space from Jupiter’s moon […]

Watch SpaceX launch 4 astronauts to the ISS Saturday

NASA and SpaceX are all set to launch a full crew into space tomorrow (Nov. 14) from Pad 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. This will be the first operational crew mission leaving U.S. soil, since the final space shuttle launch in July 2011. Just six months ago, SpaceX became the […]

50 years ago, scientists suspected microbes flourished in clouds

Clouds may be ecosystems — Science News, November 14, 1970 Clouds in the sky may contain living microbial ecosystems…. [Research] determined that metabolic activity, in the form of CO2 uptake into organic material, occurred in [airborne] dust over a 24-hour period, whereas it did not occur in sterilized control dust. Update The atmosphere is rich in […]

New Insights from the Magnetic Properties of Fault Rocks

Only a small volume of Earth’s crust is comprised of fault zones, but the processes of strain, deformation, and rupture that occur there have an outsized impact in terms of landscape change, infrastructure damage, and human cost when earthquakes occur. The physical and chemical characteristics of fault rocks, as well as their textures, […]

American Heart Association Scientific Sessions to feature Brigham breakthroughs

* LDL Cholesterol Lowering Drugs Benefit Older and Younger Patients Equally: Older individuals face an increased incidence of cardiovascular events compared to younger individuals. Paradoxically, however, proven lipid-lowering therapies remain underused in older patients because these individuals have typically comprised small subsets of clinical trials and thus there has been a less persuasive evidence base. […]

East African Rift System is slowly breaking away, with Madagascar splitting into pieces

Geosciences doctoral student Tahiry Rajaonarison sets up a GPS instrument in northern Madagascar in this 2016 photograph. Photo credit: Rina Andrianasolo. Credit: Rina Andrianasolo The African continent is slowly separating into several large and small tectonic blocks along the diverging East African Rift System, continuing to Madagascar—the long island just off the coast of Southeast […]

1st instance of microevolution in early human relative discovered

The recently discovered skull of an ancient human relative reveals that the species underwent dramatic changes in a short period of time, a phenomenon known as microevolution, a new study finds.  Previously, males of Paranthropus robustus, an extinct australopithecine species (relatives of Lucy), were thought to be substantially larger than females. This dichotomy is well […]