Corn Syrup Reveals How Bubbles Affect Lava’s Flow

In the summer of 2018, an eruption on the flanks of the active volcano Kīlauea in Hawaii sent lava flowing through the Puna district toward Kapoho Bay. The relentless threat from wide channels of molten rock forced about 2,000 residents to evacuate. By the end of the eruption, 24 people were injured, 716 […]

Best Sheets: Bed Linens for Every Type of Sleeper

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Power boost thanks to gold lamellae

IMAGE: Ultra-thin gold lamellae drastically amplify the incoming terahertz pulses (red) in the underlying graphene layer, enabling efficient frequency multiplication. view more  Credit: HZDR/Werkstatt X On the electromagnetic spectrum, terahertz light is located between infrared radiation and microwaves. It holds enormous potential for tomorrow’s technologies: Among other things, it might succeed 5G by enabling extremely fast […]

Study finds growing numbers of critically endangered sawfish in Miami waters

Figure 3 from the paper: (A) Photograph taken by W. A. Fishbaugh in the 1920s, recorded as taken in Miami (courtesy of State Library & Archives of Florida, Florida: https://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/165364). (B) Photograph taken by 2 national park rangers in Biscayne Bay National Park near Elliott Key on 23 November 2018, showing a smalltooth sawfish entangled […]

Unsafe levels of radiation found in Chernobyl crops

Crops grown near the Chernobyl nuclear site in Ukraine are still contaminated with radiation from the explosive 1986 disaster.  In a new study, researchers found that wheat, rye, oats and barley grown in this area contained two radioactive isotopes — strontium 90 and cesium 137 — that were above safe consumption limits. Radioactive isotopes are […]

Bonobos, much like humans, show commitment to completing a joint task

Bonobos display responsibility toward grooming partners akin to that of people working together on a task, a new study suggests. Until now, investigations have shown only that humans can work jointly toward a common goal presumed to require back-and-forth exchanges and an appreciation of being obligated to a partner (SN: 10/5/09). Primate biologist Raphaela Heesen […]

Humpback whale songs provide insight to population changes — ScienceDaily

Approximately 8,000-12,000 of the North Pacific humpback whale stock visits the shallow waters of the Hawaiian Islands seasonally to breed. During this time, mature males produce an elaborate acoustic display known as “song,” which becomes the dominant source of ambient underwater sound between December and April. Following reports of unusually low whale numbers that began […]

Wildfires May Exacerbate Asthma in the Western United States

Wildfire activity has increasingly threatened life in the western United States over the past several decades. Many of this year’s record-setting wildfires raged over hundreds of thousands of acres. However, one of their most dangerous and understudied effects is too small to perceive with the naked eye: the tiny particles that can be […]

Rural America may miss out on early COVID-19 vaccines

Getting vaccinated is easy—it’s getting the vaccine itself that can be hard. (Gustavo Fring/Pexels/) Coke County, Texas, a rural area with a population of less than 3,500 people, didn’t report its first case of COVID-19 until early May. Now, it ranks second in the state in infection rates. Yet when Texas began distributing coronavirus vaccines […]