Highly specific synaptic plasticity in addiction

IMAGE: One step of the methodology used to isolate and measure the MMP activity. view more  Credit: Elsevier Philadelphia, January 26, 2021 – Addiction, or substance use disorder (SUD), is a complex neurological condition that includes drug-seeking behavior among other cognitive, emotional and behavioral features. Synaptic plasticity, or changes in the way neurons communicate with one […]

Special interests can be assets for youth with autism

IMAGE: Dr. Kerri Nowell is an assistant clinical professor in the MU School of Health Professions. view more  Credit: MU School of Health Professions COLUMBIA, Mo. – When he was in middle school, teachers would give Sam Curran a list of words to type in a computer to practice his vocabulary. But Sam, who has autism, […]

USask study finds COVID isolation worsens student diets, inactivity, and alcohol intake

A University of Saskatchewan study has found that the COVID-19 pandemic has led to significant worsening of already poor dietary habits, low activity levels, sedentary behaviour, and high alcohol consumption among university students. The findings of the study–the first to assess changes in students’ dietary intake, physical activity, and sedentary behaviour before and during the […]

U.S. mental health system needs broad changes to improve access and quality

Conditions are ripe for transforming the U.S. mental health care system, with scientific advances, the growth of Medicaid and political consensus on the importance of improving mental health creating the possibility that goals once thought out of reach may be possible, according to a new RAND Corporation study. Broad changes will be needed to improve […]

Youth using e-cigarettes three times as likely to become daily cigarette smokers

An analysis of a large nationally representative longitudinal study by University of California San Diego Herbert Wertheim School of Public Health and Human Longevity Science report that starting tobacco products, including e-cigarettes, before the age of 18 is a major risk factor for people becoming daily cigarette smokers. Reporting in the January 11, 2021 online […]

More than half of people using cannabis for pain experience multiple withdrawal symptoms

IMAGE: An illustration of withdrawal symptoms related to cannabis use view more  Credit: University of Michigan More than half of people who use medical marijuana products to ease pain also experience clusters of multiple withdrawal symptoms when they’re between uses, a new study finds. And about 10% of the patients taking part in the study experienced […]

Increase in pleasurable effects of alcohol over time can predict alcohol use disorder

A new study out of the University of Chicago Medicine following young adult drinkers for 10 years has found that individuals who reported the highest sensitivity to alcohol’s pleasurable and rewarding effects at the start of the trial were more likely to develop an alcohol use disorder (AUD) over the course of the study. Moreover, […]

Light smokers may not escape nicotine addiction, study reveals

HERSHEY, Pa. — Even people who consider themselves to be casual cigarette smokers may be addicted, according to current diagnostic criteria. Researchers at Penn State College of Medicine and Duke University found that many light smokers — those who smoke one to four cigarettes per day or fewer — meet the criteria for nicotine addiction […]

Researchers identify predictors of timely enrollment in treatment for opioid use disorder

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] — For people living with opioid use disorder, the path to treatment is not always clear-cut. Sometimes, there’s no path at all. The gap between those recommended for medications for opioid use disorder — with methadone, buprenorphine or other medications prescribed — and those who ultimately receive it is wide and […]

Fewer than 2 percent of OB-GYN doctors can prescribe life-saving opioid treatment

The number of obstetrician-gynecologists who are able to prescribe a lifesaving opioid addiction medicine called buprenorphine to their patients is woefully small, comprising less than two percent of the 31,000-plus doctors studied across the country, according to new analysis. This is especially concerning as the proportion of those expecting to give birth who are using […]