‘You say tomato, I say genomics’: Genome sequences for two wild tomato ancestors

IMAGE: Two wild ancestors of tomato (SP: Solanum pimpinellifolium, SLC: Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme) view more  Credit: University of Tsukuba Tsukuba, Japan – Tomatoes are one of the most popular types of fresh produce consumed worldwide, as well as being an important ingredient in many manufactured foods. As with other cultivated crops, some potentially useful genes […]

Can dogs rapidly learn words?

IMAGE: The Family Dog Project research team is investigating on these exceptionally talented dogs view more  Credit: Photo by Claudia Fugazza A new study found that talented dogs can learn new words after hearing them only four times. While preliminary evidence seems to show that most dogs do not learn words (i.e. names of objects), unless […]

How did Florida fail to respond to a coral disease epizootic and what’s to follow?

IMAGE: A colony of the large grooved brain coral, Colpophyllia natans, infected by Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease. The photo shows the progressive, rapid advance of disease, left-to-right, across the colony…. view more  Credit: William Precht By 2020, massive losses of large populations of corals have been observed throughout Florida and into the greater Caribbean basin. […]

Genetic sequence for parasitic flowering plant Sapria

IMAGE: Sapria himalayana is found in Southeast Asia and its mottled red and white flower is about the size of a dinner plate. view more  Credit: Davis Lab/ Charles Davis On January 22 in Current Biology, a team of Harvard-led researchers presented the most complete genome yet assembled of one of the major Rafflesiaceae lineages, Sapria […]

NSAIDs might exacerbate or suppress COVID-19 depending on timing, mouse study suggests

Washington, DC – January 22, 2021 – New research shows that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) reduced both antibody and inflammatory responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection in mice. The study appears this week in the Journal of Virology, a publication of the American Society for Microbiology. The research is important because “NSAIDs are arguably the most commonly […]

From fins to limbs | EurekAlert! Science News

When tetrapods (four-limbed vertebrates) began to move from water to land roughly 390 million years ago it set in motion the rise of lizards, birds, mammals, and all land animals that exist today, including humans and some aquatic vertebrates such as whales and dolphins. The earliest tetrapods originated from their fish ancestors in the Devonian […]

Regulating the ribosomal RNA production line

IMAGE: A new cryo-EM study shows that the enzyme that makes RNA from a DNA template (RNA polymerase) is altered to slow the production of ribosomal RNA in the bacteria E…. view more  Credit: Murakami Laboratory, Penn State The enzyme that makes RNA from a DNA template is altered to slow the production of ribosomal RNA […]

Meta-Apo supports cheaper, quicker microbiome functional assessment

IMAGE: Meta-Apo algorithm improves 16S-based microbiome diagnoses view more  Credit: JING Gongchao A new algorithm may reduce the need for expensive, time-consuming whole-genome sequencing computations to understand how a microbiome functions. A team led by JING Gongchao of the Qingdao Institute of BioEnergy and Bioprocess Technology (QIBEBT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and SU […]

New variety of paintbrush lily developed by a novel plant tissue culture technique

IMAGE: The steps involved in generating triploid and hexaploid plants by endosperm culture (Photos: Arisa Nakano, Masahiro Mii, Yoichiro Hoshino). view more  Credit: Arisa Nakano, Masahiro Mii, Yoichiro Hoshino Scientists at Hokkaido University and Chiba University have developed simultaneous triploid and hexaploid varieties of Haemanthus albiflos by the application of endosperm culture, thus extending the use […]

Microbiome Search Engine 2 helps researchers explore microbiome space

IMAGE: Design of the Microbiome Search Engine 2 (MSE 2) view more  Credit: JING Gongchao Metagenomics – the study of genetic material from an environmental sample – is growing as species evolve or are discovered across the globe. To correlate the newly developed microbiomes with existing data sets, a team of researchers based in China has […]