Solar system formation in two steps — ScienceDaily

An international team of researchers from the University of Oxford, LMU Munich, ETH Zurich, BGI Bayreuth, and the University of Zurich discovered that a two-step formation process of the early Solar System can explain the chronology and split in volatile and isotope content of the inner and outer Solar System. Their findings will be published […]

Astronomers spotted a rare galaxy shutting down star formation

cold quasar illustration

A distant galaxy has been caught in the act of shutting down. The galaxy, called CQ 4479, is still forming plenty of new stars. But it also has an actively feeding supermassive black hole at its center that will bring star formation to a halt within a few hundred million years, astronomers reported January 11 […]

Researchers shed new light on nebula formation processes — ScienceDaily

Images of two iconic planetary nebulae taken by the Hubble Space Telescope are revealing new information about how they develop their dramatic features. Researchers from Rochester Institute of Technology and Green Bank Observatory presented new findings about the Butterfly Nebula (NGC 6302) and the Jewel Bug Nebula (NGC 7027) at the 237th meeting of the […]

Physicists propose a new theory to explain one dimensional quantum liquids formation

One dimensional quantum lattice liquids. Credit: I. Morera et al. Phys. Rev. Lett Liquids are ubiquitous in Nature: from the water that we consume daily to superfluid helium which is a quantum liquid appearing at temperatures as low as only a few degrees above the absolute zero. A common feature of these vastly different liquids […]

Catalyzing ammonia formation at lower temperatures with ruthenium — ScienceDaily

Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plant growth. While about 80% of earth is nitrogen, it is mostly contained in the atmosphere as gas, and hence, inaccessible to plants. To boost plant growth, especially in agricultural settings, therefore, chemical nitrogen fertilizers are needed. A crucial step in the production of these fertilizers is the synthesis […]

Turning the heat down: Catalyzing ammonia formation at lower temperatures with ruthenium

IMAGE: The metal ruthenium, supported with lanthanide oxyhydrides, can efficiently catalyze the synthesis of ammonia at a much lower temperature than the traditional approach. view more  Credit: Tokyo Tech Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plant growth. While about 80% of earth is nitrogen, it is mostly contained in the atmosphere as gas, and hence, inaccessible […]

Catalyzing ammonia formation at lower temperatures with ruthenium

The metal ruthenium, supported with lanthanide oxyhydrides, can efficiently catalyze the synthesis of ammonia at a much lower temperature than the traditional approach. Credit: Tokyo Tech Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plant growth. While about 80% of earth is nitrogen, it is mostly contained in the atmosphere as gas, and hence, inaccessible to plants. […]

New path to rare earth mineral formation has implications for green energy and smart tech

IMAGE: First author Adrienn Maria Szucs with Professor Juan Diego Rodriguez-Blanco in Trinity’s Museum Building view more  Credit: Trinity College Dublin Researchers from Trinity College Dublin have shed new light on the formation mechanisms of a rare earth-bearing mineral that is in increasingly high demand across the globe for its use in the green energy and […]

Supercomputer simulations could unlock mystery of Moon’s formation — ScienceDaily

Astronomers have taken a step towards understanding how the Moon might have formed out of a giant collision between the early Earth and another massive object 4.5 billion years ago. Scientists led by Durham University, UK, ran supercomputer simulations on the DiRAC High-Performance Computing facility to send a Mars-sized planet — called Theia — crashing […]

Supercomputer simulations could unlock mystery of Moon’s formation

Still image from a cross section of a 3D simulation run by researchers investigating how a collision between the early-Earth and a Mars-size object might have led to the formation of the Moon. Credit: Sergio Ruiz-Bonilla Astronomers have taken a step towards understanding how the Moon might have formed out of a giant collision between […]