‘You say tomato, I say genomics’: Genome sequences for two wild tomato ancestors

IMAGE: Two wild ancestors of tomato (SP: Solanum pimpinellifolium, SLC: Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme) view more  Credit: University of Tsukuba Tsukuba, Japan – Tomatoes are one of the most popular types of fresh produce consumed worldwide, as well as being an important ingredient in many manufactured foods. As with other cultivated crops, some potentially useful genes […]

Geisinger research identifies genetic risk factor for stroke

DANVILLE, Pa. – A team of Geisinger researchers has identified a common genetic variant as a risk factor for stroke, especially in patients older than 65. Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) causes about a quarter of ischemic strokes worldwide and is the most common cause of vascular dementia. SVD can manifest as lesions on […]

New approach emerges to better classify, treat brain tumors

IMAGE: Dr. Jin-Xiong She and MD/PhD student Paul Tran. view more  Credit: Kim Ratliff, Augusta University Photographer AUGUSTA, Ga. (Jan. 19, 2021) – A look at RNA tells us what our genes are telling our cells to do, and scientists say looking directly at the RNA of brain tumor cells appears to provide objective, efficient evidence […]

Are autism drugs on the horizon?

Recent years have provided substantial research displaying the effect of genetic mu-tations on the development of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders. Based on those studies, researchers have focused attention on the commonalities be-hind those mutations and how they impact on the functioning of the brain. A study conducted by Professor Sagiv Shifman from the Life […]

Bacteria can tell the time

IMAGE: Shining a light on internal clocks – the bacterium Bacillus subtilis view more  Credit: Professor Ákos Kovács, Technical University of Denmark Humans have them, so do other animals and plants. Now research reveals that bacteria too have internal clocks that align with the 24-hour cycle of life on Earth. The research answers a long-standing biological […]

Which came first, sleep or the brain?

IMAGE: Hydra vulgaris is a tiny cnidarian with a simple anatomy. Collaborative research led by Kyushu University found that, despite lacking a central nervous system, hydras exhibit characteristics at a molecular… view more  Credit: Taichi Q. Itoh, Kyushu University Stay awake too long, and thinking straight can become extremely difficult. Thankfully, a few winks of sleep […]

Chinese scientists uncover gene for rice adaption to low soil nitrogen

IMAGE: a. OsTCP19-H is significant correlated with soil nitrogen content. b-f. OsTCP19-H significantly increases grain yield and NUE under LN and MN conditions. view more  Credit: IGDB Chinese scientists from the Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) have found a gene that plays an important role in helping rice […]

The liverwort oil body is formed by redirection of the secretory pathway

Cells, the basic unit of life, are surrounded by a limiting membrane called the plasma membrane. Inside cells, there are various membrane-bounded organelles, each of which has various and distinctive functions. How these organelles, which individually boast different functions, have been developed during evolution remains unknown. This phenomenon has fascinated many researchers. In the study […]

$3.9M project on self-deleting genes takes aim at mosquito-borne diseases

To control mosquito populations and prevent them from transmitting diseases such as malaria, many researchers are pursuing strategies in mosquito genetic engineering. A new Texas A&M AgriLife Research project aims to enable temporary “test runs” of proposed genetic changes in mosquitoes, after which the changes remove themselves from the mosquitoes’ genetic code. The project’s first […]