Monitoring online posts by consumers could help improve food safety

Credit: CC0 Public Domain An estimated 48 million cases of foodborne illness are contracted in the United States every year, causing about 128,000 hospitalizations and 3,000 deaths, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). In some instances, the source is well known, such as a batch of tainted ground beef that infected 209 people […]

Better post-surgery care would dramatically improve cancer survival — ScienceDaily

Patients in low-and lower-middle-income countries were up to six times more likely to die from complications within 30 days of surgery compared with those in high-income countries, the report said. Hospitals in these countries were found to be less likely to have post-surgical facilities or care plans in place. Investing in appropriate recovery and ward […]

Land deals meant to improve food security may have hurt — ScienceDaily

Large-scale land acquisitions by foreign investors, intended to improve global food security, had little to no benefit, increasing crop production in some areas while simultaneously threatening local food security in others, according to researchers who studied their effects. The study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences and led by the University […]

Scientists offer road map to improve environmental observations in the Indian Ocean

IMAGE: Artist’s illustration of the Indian Ocean Observing System and its societal applications. IndOOS data support research to advance scientific knowledge about the Indian Ocean circulation, climate variability and change, and… view more  Credit: JAMSTEC. MIAMI–A group of more than 60 scientists have provided recommendations to improve the Indian Ocean Observing System (IndOOS), a basin-wide monitoring […]

Scientists offer road map to improve environmental observations in the Indian Ocean

Artist’s illustration of the Indian Ocean Observing System and its societal applications. IndOOS data support research to advance scientific knowledge about the Indian Ocean circulation, climate variability and change, and biogeochemistry, as well as societal applications due to its contribution to operational analyses and forecasts. Citation: Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 101, 11; 10.1175/BAMS-D-19-0209.1 […]

U.S. mental health system needs broad changes to improve access and quality

Conditions are ripe for transforming the U.S. mental health care system, with scientific advances, the growth of Medicaid and political consensus on the importance of improving mental health creating the possibility that goals once thought out of reach may be possible, according to a new RAND Corporation study. Broad changes will be needed to improve […]

Immune cells discovered in the lungs improve virus defense

A research team at the University of Basel has discovered immune cells resident in the lungs that persist long after a bout of flu. Experiments with mice have shown that these helper cells improve the immune response to reinfection by a different strain of the flu virus. The discovery could yield approaches to developing longer-lasting […]

Engineers find antioxidants improve nanoscale visualization of polymers — ScienceDaily

Reactive molecules, such as free radicals, can be produced in the body after exposure to certain environments or substances and go on to cause cell damage. Antioxidants can minimize this damage by interacting with the radicals before they affect cells. Led by Enrique Gomez, professor of chemical engineering and materials science and engineering, Penn State […]