Global ice loss increases at record rate

IMAGE: Meltstream cuts through Greenland ice sheet view more  Credit: Ian Joughin The rate at which ice is disappearing across the planet is speeding up, according to new research. And the findings also reveal that the Earth lost 28 trillion tonnes of ice between 1994 and 2017 – equivalent to a sheet of ice 100 metres […]

Reducing traps increases performance of organic photodetectors

Flexible organic photodetectors (OPDs) have a huge potential for applications in low-cost imaging, health monitoring and near infrared sensing. Credit: Christian Körner Physicists at the Dresden Integrated Center for Applied Physics and Photonic Materials (IAPP) discovered that trap states rule the performance of organic photodetectors, ultimately limiting their detectivity. These highly promising results have now […]

New statistical method exponentially increases ability to discover genetic insights — ScienceDaily

Pleiotropy analysis, which provides insight on how individual genes result in multiple characteristics, has become increasingly valuable as medicine continues to lean into mining genetics to inform disease treatments. Privacy stipulations, though, make it difficult to perform comprehensive pleiotropy analysis because individual patient data often can’t be easily and regularly shared between sites. However, a […]

Polarization increases with economic decline, becoming cripplingly contagious

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain The rise of populist movements is changing political systems around the world. As support for these “anti-elite” movements intensifies, many are scrambling to understand whether economic decline and intensifying inter-group conflict are playing a role. A model developed by a team of researchers—including Nolan McCarty of Princeton University—shows how group polarization, […]

New study shows every week of lockdown increases binge drinking

IMAGE: Wine poured into glass view more  Credit: Taylor & Francis: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/00952990.2020.1832508 Harmful drinking among adults increases the longer they spend at home in lockdown, according to a study published in the peer-reviewed American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. The research, based on a survey of nearly 2,000 over-18s in the US, is the first […]

Heart disease risk in women increases leading up to menopause; early intervention is key

DALLAS, Nov. 30, 2020 — The menopause transition, the years leading up to menopause, is a time of increasing heart disease risk for women. Monitoring women’s health and lifestyle, while integrating early intervention strategies for good cardiovascular health, are important, especially during midlife and during menopause to help prevent heart disease, according to a new […]

Diabetes increases neuritic damage around amyloid plaques in Alzheimer’s disease

New research from the University of Eastern Finland explores the role of diabetes in the cellular and molecular changes underlying Alzheimer’s disease (AD). In an AD mouse model, diabetes induced through a diet rich in fats and sugars weakened the accumulation of microglial cells around amyloid plaques and increased the formation of neuritic plaques with […]

Warfarin use significantly increases risk of knee and hip replacement in people with OA

ATLANTA — New research presented at ACR Convergence, the American College of Rheumatology’s annual meeting, shows that use of warfarin, a vitamin K drug widely prescribed to prevent blood clots, is associated with a significantly greater risk of knee and hip replacements in patients with osteoarthritis (ABSTRACT #0934). Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common joint disease […]