Top 10 insights in climate science in 2020 selected by 57 leading global researchers

STOCKHOLM: With impacts from climate change threatening to be as abrupt and far-reaching in the coming years as the current pandemic, leading scientists have released a compilation of the 10 most important insights on the climate from the last year to help inform collective action on the ongoing climate crisis. In a report presented today […]

New insights into the link between sunlight exposure and kidney damage — ScienceDaily

A new collaborative study from researchers at the Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth and the University of Washington (UW) and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), reveals unexpected insights into how skin exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light can worsen clinical symptoms in autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Lupus, an […]

New statistical method exponentially increases ability to discover genetic insights — ScienceDaily

Pleiotropy analysis, which provides insight on how individual genes result in multiple characteristics, has become increasingly valuable as medicine continues to lean into mining genetics to inform disease treatments. Privacy stipulations, though, make it difficult to perform comprehensive pleiotropy analysis because individual patient data often can’t be easily and regularly shared between sites. However, a […]

Insights into the Yellowstone hotspot — ScienceDaily

The Yellowstone hotspot is well known for generating supereruptions in the geologic past that are far more explosive than historic examples. The origin and sustained longevity of the hotspot is less understood but is focused on two competing models, where the ascent of hot mantle is derived from either a deep-seated mantle plume or a […]

Genomes reveal insights into much-loved Aussie animals

The genomes of egg-laying monotreme mammals, platypus and echidna, have been published in the prestigious journal Nature, providing a valuable public resource for research in mammalian biology and evolution, with applications for their conservation and health. Monotremes display a unique mix of mammalian and reptilian features and form the most distantly related, and least understood, […]

New method for imaging exhaled breath could provide insights into COVID-19 transmission

The new imaging technique has been used to capture the exhaled breath of a person speaking. This is a demonstration of the published imaging technique that is being further investigated. The imaging shows only the temperature change associated with exhaled breath, which does not necessarily reflect the movement of viral particles contained in the breath. […]

Scientists provide new insights into cholera microbe and chances of pandemic strain

Pandemic Vibrio cholerae (right) locks down a DNA element (Aux3) that was previously mobile in harmless, environmental strains of Vibrio cholerae (left). Credit: Francis J. Santoriello Researchers at The City College of New York have uncovered a novel way in which Vibrio cholerae, the aquatic microbe that causes cholera, may increase its competitive fitness, and […]

Research reveals unexpected insights into early dinosaur’s brain, eating habits and agility

IMAGE: Braincase and endocast of Thecodontosaurus antiquus. From CT scans of the braincase fossil, 3-D models of the braincase and the endocast were generated and studied. view more  Credit: Created by Antonio Ballell with BioRender.com, Thecodontosaurus silhouette from PhyloPic.org. A pioneering reconstruction of the brain belonging to one of the earliest dinosaurs to roam the Earth […]

New insights about age-related macular degeneration could spur better treatments

BOSTON – “Wet” age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the most common causes of irreversible vision loss in the elderly, and it occurs when abnormal and leaky blood vessels form in the retina, in part due to inflammation. New research by investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) reveals insights into potential drivers of the […]