Quick look under the skin

IMAGE: First author Oliver Schoppe in the Center for Translational Cancer Research at the Technical University of Munich. view more  Credit: Astrid Eckert / TUM Imaging techniques enable a detailed look inside an organism. But interpreting the data is time-consuming and requires a great deal of experience. Artificial neural networks open up new possibilities: They require […]

Imaging of ballistic wounds, bullet composition and implications for MRI safety

IMAGE: Scout (A), T1-weighted spin-echo (SE) (B), T2-weighted SE (C), T2-weighted gradient-recalled echo (GRE) (TR/TE, 500/10; D), and T2-weighted GRE (TR/TE, 700/30; E) MR images show jacket hollow point .45 automatic… view more  Credit: American Roentgen Ray Society (ARRS), American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) Leesburg, VA, December 29, 2020–According to an article in ARRS’ American Journal […]

Moving due to unaffordable housing may jeopardize healthcare

LOS ANGELES (Dec. 30, 2020) — People who move due to unaffordable housing are at increased risk of failing to receive the medical care they need, according to a new study from Cedars-Sinai and the University of California, Los Angeles. The study, published online in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, concludes that the result […]

New research may explain severe virus attacks on the lungs

IMAGE: The development of human macrophages. view more  Credit: The research team. In some cases, immune cells in the lungs can contribute to worsening a virus attack. In a new study, researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden describe how different kinds of immune cells, called macrophages, develop in the lungs and which of them may be […]

Stopping RAS inhibitors tied to worse outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease

IMAGE: Principal investigator Juan Jesus Carrero, professor at the Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. view more  Credit: Ulf Sirborn. Small studies have suggested that a group of medications called RAS inhibitors may be harmful in persons with advanced chronic kidney disease, and physicians therefore often stop the treatment in such […]

Difference in blood pressure between arms linked to greater death risk

Robust evidence from a large international study confirms that a difference in blood pressure readings between arms is linked to greater risk of heart attack, stroke and death. Led by the University of Exeter, the global INTERPRESS-IPD Collaboration conducted a meta-analysis of all the available research, then merged data from 24 global studies to create […]

Low blood pressure during hemodialysis may indicate peripheral vascular disease

Using a large nationwide registry of patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis, this study published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases found that higher frequency of low blood pressure episodes during hemodialysis was associated with a higher incidence of diagnosed peripheral arterial disease. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition characterized by progressive atherosclerotic narrowing or […]

Researchers call for clarity on the definition of medicine misuse

Medicine misuse is a public health issue, but the term has different meanings to people in different settings. A recent analysis of published studies provides a comprehensive overview of the terms and definitions used to characterize medicine misuse. The findings are published in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. Among 51 relevant studies, there were […]