Trees That Live Fast, Die Young, and Mess with Climate Models

Under a business-as-usual scenario of greenhouse gas emissions, the average global temperature may increase by almost 5°C through the end of the century. This climate change could cause a 1-meter increase in sea levels, possibly wreaking havoc on coastal regions and demanding hundreds of billions of dollars every year in adaptation and mitigation […]

Wildfire smoke is more cooling on climate than computer models assume — ScienceDaily

A study of biomass burning aerosols led by University of Wyoming researchers revealed that smoke from wildfires has more of a cooling effect on the atmosphere than computer models assume. “The study addresses the impact of wildfires on global climate, and we extensively used the NCAR-Wyoming supercomputer (Cheyenne),” says Shane Murphy, a UW associate professor […]

To Make Better Hurricane Models, Consider Air Pollution

Hurricane Harvey shocked the world in 2017 when it stalled over Houston, defying hurricane models and dumping 1.25 meters of rain onto the city. According to new research by a team of atmospheric scientists, a previously unaccounted for variable helped to drive the deluge: industrial air pollution. To investigate the role of air […]

Artificial intelligence helps scientists develop new general models in ecology

Credit: Pixabay/CC0 Public Domain In ecology, millions of species interact in billions of different ways between them and with their environment. Ecosystems often seem chaotic, or at least overwhelming for someone trying to understand them and make predictions for the future. Artificial intelligence and machine learning are able to detect patterns and predict outcomes in […]

Tiny brain tissue models grown on microchips

Researchers successfully grow 3D brain tissue on fully-integrated microchips for neural biosensing applications. 3D neural cell assemblies, or brain organoids, are a rapidly growing and emerging technology that promises to revolutionize our understanding of brain development and disease. These in vivo cultures of neurons can range from self-standing cell aggregates, or spheroids, up to more […]

Different Models, Different Answers in Water Resource Planning

Effective management of water resources depends on accurately predicting future water supplies and demands that regularly fluctuate because of population growth, climate change, and many other factors. To deal with large uncertainties in these considerations, water resource planners often use what is known as a scenario-neutral approach in their projections. In contrast to […]