Researcher expands plant genome editing with newly engineered variant of CRISPR-Cas9

Credit: CC0 Public Domain Alongside Dennis van Engelsdorp, associate professor at the University of Maryland (UMD) in Entomology named for the fifth year in a row for his work in honey bee and pollinator health, Yiping Qi, associate professor in Plant Science, represented the College of Agriculture & Natural Resources on the Web of Science […]

Newly Identified Instabilities Enhance Atmospheric Turbulence

Physicists have long known that turbulence is a fundamental process in Earth’s atmosphere, where it facilitates mixing, contributes to energy and momentum transport and deposition, and has important implications for weather and climate prediction. However, the mechanisms driving the transitions from laminar airflow to 3D turbulence are complex and poorly understood. In new […]

Some English bulldogs thought to have cancer may have newly identified syndrome

Tootsie was one of 84 English bulldogs that supplied blood that helped researchers discover a non-cancerous syndrome, called polyclonal B-cell lymphocytosis, that could be mistaken for a common cancer. Credit: Colorado State University Some English bulldogs diagnosed with a common cancer may instead have a newly described, non-cancerous syndrome called polyclonal B‐cell lymphocytosis. The discovery […]

Newly described chemical reaction could have assembled DNA building blocks before life forms and their enzymes existed. — ScienceDaily

Chemists at Scripps Research have made a discovery that supports a surprising new view of how life originated on our planet. In a study published in the chemistry journal Angewandte Chemie, they demonstrated that a simple compound called diamidophosphate (DAP), which was plausibly present on Earth before life arose, could have chemically knitted together tiny […]

Newly discovered receptor helps to sneak a peek at evolution

Existence of the receptor was now proven experimentally by the team headed by Professor Christopher Grefen from the Chair of Molecular and Cellular Botany at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB). The researchers published their report on the 5. January 2021 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences PNAS. GET pathway for specific proteins […]

Newly discovered fungi turn flies into zombies and devour them from the inside out

Two newly discovered fungi species have a similarly macabre mode of action: They eat flies alive while using them to drop spores on new victims.  The related species, Strongwellsea tigrinae and Strongwellsea acerosa, attack the fly species Coenosia tigrina and Coenosia testacea, which look like ordinary house flies but undergo a horrific change once they’re […]

Newly discovered enzyme helps make valuable bioactive saponins

IMAGE: Engineered biosynthetic pathway for production of glycyrrhizin in yeast. The complete glycyrrhizin biosynthetic pathway was constructed by expressing β-amyrin synthase (βAS), two cytochrome P450s (CYP88D6 and CYP72A63), CSyGT, UGT73P12 and… view more  Credit: Osaka University Osaka, Japan – Many plants, including legumes, make naturally occurring chemicals called saponins. For example, the medicinal plant licorice […]