Tiny particles that seed clouds can form from trace gases over open sea — ScienceDaily

New results from an atmospheric study over the Eastern North Atlantic reveal that tiny aerosol particles that seed the formation of clouds can form out of next to nothingness over the open ocean. This “new particle formation” occurs when sunlight reacts with molecules of trace gases in the marine boundary layer, the atmosphere within about […]

Tiny particles that seed clouds can form from trace gases over open sea

Results from a study of clouds and aerosols conducted in the Azores revealed that new particles can seed the formation of clouds in the marine boundary layer—the atmosphere up to about a kilometer above Earth’s surface—even over the open ocean, where the concentration of precursor gases was expected to be low. Image courtesy of the […]

Up to a billion tons of waste potentially burned in the open every year

Credit: Aline Tong/Shutterstock As much as one billion tons of waste could be burned in open and uncontrolled fires around the world each year, according to one estimate – close to half of all the municipal solid waste generated on Earth. But even if the true total is a fraction of that amount, the impact […]

Special Collection on Open Collaboration Across Geosciences

The way we do science is continually changing. Now there is greater collaboration across disciplines and expansion in open science approaches throughout the research lifecycle (see figure below). While some fields are benefitting from growth and change, others are slow-moving to capitalize on new opportunities. Designing Open Science into all aspects of the […]

China to open giant telescope to international scientists

The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) in southwestern China’s Guizhou province is the only significant instrument of its kind Nestled among the mountains in southwest China, the world’s largest radio telescope signals Beijing’s ambitions as a global centre for scientific research. The Five-hundred-metre Aperture Spherical Telescope (FAST)—the only significant instrument of its kind after […]

Scientists publish open resource to help design ‘greener’ energy systems

Researchers have created a database of measurements from existing global power grid systems that will help develop new power systems capable of meeting changing demands, such as the move towards renewable energy sources. The study, published in Nature Communications, is the first step towards a more collaborative approach to energy research. It is hoped the […]

Simulations open a new way to reverse cell aging

Single-Cell Transcriptomic Analysis of Human Skin Aging. Credit: IOZ Research findings by a KAIST team provide insight into the complex mechanism of cellular senescence and present a potential therapeutic strategy for reducing age-related diseases associated with the accumulation of senescent cells. Simulations that model molecular interactions have identified an enzyme that could be targeted to […]

Understanding ion channel inhibition to open doors in drug discovery

The structure of the tetrameric structure of a TRPC5 channel in complex with Pico145 (left). Each TRPC5 monomer is displayed in a different colour. The structure revealed that the drug-like small molecule Pico145 can bind to each of four pockets between subunits (middle). When the structure of TRPC5 was determined in the absence of Pico145, […]