How will seafarers fare once automated ships take over? Scientists predict the future

Artificial intelligence and automation are changing the world, one industry at a time! Whatever humans can do, machines are learning to also do effectively, with lower costs and fewer errors. The maritime shipping industry is no different. Ships are now increasingly automated (called maritime autonomous surface ships or MASSs), reducing the need for human input. […]

Study highlights factors that predict success for treating canine behavioral disorders

IMAGE: Canine behavioral medicine view more  Credit: L. Powell There is a saying that you can’t teach old dogs new tricks. When it comes to canine behavioral problems, age is only one factor that can predict how well a pet may respond to clinical intervention. In a paper published in Frontiers in Veterinary Science, researchers provide […]

New tools will help ecologists predict when species may be at risk — ScienceDaily

More than 3,000 animal species in the world today are considered endangered, with hundreds more categorized as vulnerable. Currently, ecologists don’t have reliable tools to predict when a species may become at risk. A new paper published in Nature Ecology and Evolution, “Management implications of long transients in ecological systems,” focuses on the transient nature […]

Hydroxychloroquine blood levels predict clotting risk in patients with lupus

The antimalarial drug hydroxychloroquine is frequently prescribed to treat symptoms of the autoimmune disease lupus. In addition to decreasing disease flares, the drug can also prevent blood clots, which are a major problem in individuals with lupus. A new study in Arthritis & Rheumatology shows that monitoring patients’ blood levels of hydroxychloroquine can predict their […]

Increase in pleasurable effects of alcohol over time can predict alcohol use disorder

A new study out of the University of Chicago Medicine following young adult drinkers for 10 years has found that individuals who reported the highest sensitivity to alcohol’s pleasurable and rewarding effects at the start of the trial were more likely to develop an alcohol use disorder (AUD) over the course of the study. Moreover, […]

Brain gene expression patterns predict behavior of individual honey bees

Researchers used barcodes to track individual honey bees in a study that looked for parallels between the bees’ foraging and egg-laying behavior and patterns of gene expression in their brains. Credit: Michael B. Vincent An unusual study that involved bar coding and tracking the behavior of thousands of individual honey bees in six queenless bee […]

Scientists predict ‘optimal’ stress levels

Scientists have created an evolutionary model to predict how animals should react in stressful situations. Almost all organisms have fast-acting stress responses, which help them respond to threats – but being stressed uses energy, and chronic stress can be damaging. The new study – by an international team including the University of Exeter – suggests […]