Physicists propose a new theory to explain one dimensional quantum liquids formation

One dimensional quantum lattice liquids. Credit: I. Morera et al. Phys. Rev. Lett Liquids are ubiquitous in Nature: from the water that we consume daily to superfluid helium which is a quantum liquid appearing at temperatures as low as only a few degrees above the absolute zero. A common feature of these vastly different liquids […]

Researchers propose a framework for evaluating the impacts of climate change on California’s water and energy systems

Hydroelectric stations like Shasta Dam, along the Sacramento River, are integral to California’s water and energy needs. Credit: U.S. Bureau Of Reclamation As the planet continues to warm, the twin challenges of diminishing water supply and growing energy demand will intensify. But water and energy are inextricably linked. For instance, nearly a fifth of California’s energy […]

Scientists propose to make a laser scalpel with a ‘curved’ blade

Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University and Saratov State University teamed up with colleagues from Taiwan and proposed to make a laser ‘blade’ for a medical scalpel with a specified curved shape using a photonic ‘hook’. Currently there are laser scalpels only with an axisymmetric focus area, i.e., with a cylindrical blade. According to scientists, changing […]