U.S. mental health system needs broad changes to improve access and quality

Conditions are ripe for transforming the U.S. mental health care system, with scientific advances, the growth of Medicaid and political consensus on the importance of improving mental health creating the possibility that goals once thought out of reach may be possible, according to a new RAND Corporation study. Broad changes will be needed to improve […]

Tanzania farmers distrust fertilizer quality, are less willing to pay for it

University of Illinois researchers examined fertilizer use in Tanzania. Credit: Anna Fairbairn. Smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa use fertilizer well below recommended rates, contributing to consistently low agricultural productivity. Farmers in Tanzania and Kenya, for example, apply just 13 kilograms of fertilizer per hectare, compared with 165 to 175 kilograms in India and Brazil. Low […]

Teacher quality scores change depending on students, school — ScienceDaily

School districts across the U.S. are increasingly using student test scores to rate the effectiveness of teachers, but a new Portland State University study found that the scores have less to do with individual teachers and more to do with their students and schools. Dara Shifrer, the study’s author and assistant professor of sociology at […]

Teacher quality scores change depending on students, school, study finds

Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain School districts across the U.S. are increasingly using student test scores to rate the effectiveness of teachers, but a new Portland State University study found that the scores have less to do with individual teachers and more to do with their students and the schools. The study looked at the value-added […]

The cost of chaos: If we can’t control quantity, we’d better control quality

Freeness of scientific literature is undeniably a highly desirable concept, but it is accompanied by a responsibility that we have not yet structurally realized. Image credit: Pixabay In a recent editorial in BioEssays, the epidemic of bogus papers originating from so-called “paper mills” was analyzed. In that piece, I proposed a model to explain how […]

‘Patient activation’ may improve quality of life in individuals with kidney disease

Highlights In individuals with chronic kidney disease who received online peer mentoring, improved patient activation correlated with improvements in various aspects of quality of life. Results from the study will be presented online during ASN Kidney Week 2020 Reimagined October 19-October 25. Washington, DC (October 23, 2020) — Researchers previously demonstrated that online […]

Does classroom indoor environmental quality affect teaching and learning?

IMAGE: A new study published in Indoor Air indeicates that indoor environmental quality can affect short-term students’ academic performance, with a preference for a relatively cool, bright, and quiet environment and… view more  Credit: H.W. Brink What impact does a classroom’s indoor environment have on teaching, learning, and students’ academic achievement in colleges and universities? This […]