Role of dams in reducing global flood exposure under climate change

A new collaborative study led by researchers at the National Institute for Environmental Studies, the University of Tokyo, and Michigan State University exposes the role of dams for mitigating flood risk under climate change. Flood is amongst the costliest natural disasters. Globally, flood risk is projected to increase in the future, driven […]

The evolving role of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in plastic surgery

December 28, 2020 – Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment, which involves injecting a small amount of a patient’s own blood to release various growth factors from platelets, continues to increase in popularity. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons has tracked the procedure since 2015 and reports a 25 percent increase in cosmetic PRP use in the […]

Lipid identified in human breast milk may play important role in early childhood weight

IMAGE: Elvira Isganaitis, MD, is a staff physician at Joslin Diabetes Center and Assistant Professor of Pediatrics at Harvard Medical School view more  Credit: Joslin Communications BOSTON – (December 02, 2020) – A lipid metabolite called 12,13-diHOME is in human breast milk and appears to be associated with beneficial infant weight gain and body composition in […]

Genes play a role in common knee injury

It has long been known that the choice of shoe, surface and type of sport can all be contributing factors when someone suffers an anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now observed that genes also play a decisive role. By analysing data from the Swedish Twin Register along with data […]

Genes play a role in common knee injury — ScienceDaily

It has long been known that the choice of shoe, surface and type of sport can all be contributing factors when someone suffers an anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Researchers at Lund University in Sweden have now observed that genes also play a decisive role. By analysing data from the Swedish Twin Register along with data […]

Gut microbiota plays a role in brain function and mood regulation — ScienceDaily

Depression is a mental disorder that affects more than 264 million people of all ages worldwide. Understanding its mechanisms is vital for the development of effective therapeutic strategies. Scientists from the Institut Pasteur, Inserm and the CNRS recently conducted a study showing that an imbalance in the gut bacterial community can cause a reduction in […]

The ocean’s role in past atmospheric carbon dioxide change comes into focus — ScienceDaily

The last million years of Earth history have been characterized by frequent “glacial-interglacial cycles,” large swings in climate that are linked to the growing and shrinking of massive, continent-spanning ice sheets. These cycles are triggered by subtle oscillations in Earth’s orbit and rotation, but the orbital oscillations are too subtle to explain the large changes […]