Ancient marine faunas unlock secrets of warming oceans

Professor Cathryn Newton studies Middle Devonian marine faunas (such as these brachiopods from 380-390 million years ago), whose fossils are lodged in a unit of bedrock in Central New York. Credit: Syracuse University Members of Syracuse University’s College of Arts and Sciences are shining new light on an enduring mystery—one that is millions of years […]

Hidden secrets revealed in microscopic images of ancient artifacts

Highly magnified views of archaeological artifacts display their extraordinary hidden beauty and reveal intriguing clues about how they were crafted and used long ago.  For example, a 17th-century Persian textile contains fibers of silk thread that were individually wrapped with thin strips of metal. And the microstructure of a needle from Cyprus retains the touch […]

A guide to the solar system’s biggest secrets

What comes after Pluto? (Sara Chodosh/) Astronomers have spent centuries filling in their sketches of our corner of the Milky Way. But these charts, like all maps, are only approximations of reality. Their blind spots likely harbor some unknown entities—bodies too small, too close to the sun, or too far away for us to see. […]

Engineers reveal molecular secrets of cephalopod powers

“This research can be viewed as a valuable conceptual framework for using this class of proteins in bioengineering applications,” said Alon Gorodetsky, UCI associate professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering. Credit: Debbie Morales/UCI Reflectins, the unique structural proteins that give squids and octopuses the ability to change colors and blend in with their surroundings, are […]

X-rays reveal 1,900-year-old mummy’s secrets — ScienceDaily

The mummified remains of ancient Egyptians hold many secrets, from the condition of the bodies to the artifacts placed within the burial garments. Now a team of researchers has found a way to unwrap those secrets, without unraveling the mummies themselves. Three years ago, researchers from Northwestern University, in preparation for an exhibit on campus, […]

Muscle cell secrets — ScienceDaily

A muscle fiber consists of just one cell, but many nuclei. A team at the MDC led by Professor Carmen Birchmeier has now shown just how varied these nuclei are. The study, which has been published in Nature Communications, can help us better understand muscle diseases such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Usually, each cell has […]

Unlocking the secrets of chemical bonding with machine learning — ScienceDaily

A new machine learning approach offers important insights into catalysis, a fundamental process that makes it possible to reduce the emission of toxic exhaust gases or produce essential materials like fabric. In a report published in Nature Communications, Hongliang Xin, associate professor of chemical engineering at Virginia Tech, and his team of researchers developed a […]

Unlocking the secrets of chemical bonding with machine learning

Image of the Bayeschem approach to unraveling the orbitalwise nature of chemical bonding at metal surfaces. Credit: Virginia Tech A new machine learning approach offers important insights into catalysis, a fundamental process that makes it possible to reduce the emission of toxic exhaust gases or produce essential materials like fabric. In a report published in […]

Science reveals secrets of a mummy’s portrait

(A) “Portrait of a Bearded Man” (Walters Art Museum #32.6), dated c. 170-180 CE from Roman Imperial Egypt; (B) The portrait under ultraviolet light. The purple clavi on the shoulders appear pink-orange, indicated by an arrow. Credit: The Walters Art Museum. How much information can you get from a speck of purple pigment, no bigger […]

Secrets behind ‘Game of Thrones’ unveiled by data science and network theory

What are the secrets behind one of the most successful fantasy series of all time? How has a story as complex as “Game of Thrones” enthralled the world and how does it compare to other narratives? Researchers from five universities across the UK and Ireland came together to unravel “A Song of Ice and Fire”, […]